Department of Animal Science

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Peer Reviewed Publications

( * indicates MS, Ph.D., Post Doc, or Research Scientist supervised by Dr. Fernando.The term "accepted" or "in press" reflects that the manuscript has been accepted by the editor for publication or is in production and scheduled for publication respectively).

2013
52. Duminda A. Gunawardena* and S. Fernando, A Thermodynamic Equilibrium Analysis of Glucose Conversion to Hydrocarbons. Chemical Engineering Communications. Taylor and Francis. Accepted.
51. Nawaratna*, G., Rooney*, W., Leonhardt*, C., and S. Fernando. 2013. Phase Stability of Triglyceride/Alcohol/Catalytic-Surfactant System in Transesterification. Energy Technology. Wiley. Accepted.
50. Duminda A. Gunawardena*, D.A., Fernando*, T.J., and S. Fernando. 2013. Exploiting algae as a biomass source to produce gasoline grade hydrocarbons by high pressure pyrolysis. International Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy. 2013; 2(2): 41-45. doi: 10.11648/j.ijrse.20130202.13.
49. Nawaratna, G., Capareda, S., and S. Fernando. 2013. Effect of metal groups in transition metal alkoxide catalysts on transesterification. Advances in Materials. 2012; 1(1). 1-8. doi: 10.11648/j.am.20120101.11.
48.  Samarasinghe N., S. Fernando, and B. Faulkner. 2013. Effect of high pressure homogenization on aqueous phase solvent extraction of lipids from Nannochloris Oculata microalgae. Journal of Energy and Natural Resources. 2013. 2012; 1(1):1-7. doi: 10.11648/j.jenr.20120101.11.

2012

47. Gunawardena*, A., and S. Fernando. 2012. Thermodynamic Equilibrium Analysis of Methanol Conversion to Aromatic Hydrocarbons using SAS: A prelude to Biomass Deoxygenation. Transactions of ASABE. 55 (3), 1025-1031.
46. Samarasinghe*, N., Lacey, R., Faulkner, B. and S. Fernando. 2012. Algal Cell Rupture Using High Pressure Homogenization as a Prelude to Oil Extraction. Renewable Energy. 48, 300-308.
45. Gunawardena*, D.A. and S. D. Fernando. 2012. Thermodynamic Equilibrium Analysis of Methanol Conversion to Hydrocarbons Using Cantera Methodology. Journal of Thermodynamics, vol. 2012, Article ID 125460, 7 pages, 2012. doi:10.1155/2012/125460
44. Nawaratna*, G., Fernando, S., and Lacey, R. 2012. Effect of Hydrocarbon Tail-group of Transition Metal Alkoxide based Amphiphilic Catalysts on Transesterification. Catalysis Science and Technology. 2 (2), 364-372, 10.1039/C1CY00397F
43. Gunawardena*, D. A., and S. Fernando. 2012. Performance Analysis of a Proton Exchange Membrane-Free Biological Fuel Cell Based on Lactate Dehydrogenase. Biological Engineering Transactions. 5 (1),  33-46

2011

42. Thangalazhy-Gopakumar, S., Adhikari, S., Gupta, R., and S. Fernando, Sandun. 2011. Influence of Pyrolysis Operating Conditions on Bio-Oil Components: A Microscale Study in a Pyroprobe. Energy and Fuels. DOI: 10.1021/ef101032s. 25, 1191–1199.
41. Gunawardena, D.A., Fernando, S.D., 2011. Thermal Conversion of Glucose to Aromatic Hydrocarbons via Pressurized Secondary Pyrolysis, Bioresource Technology. 102 (2011) 10089–10093, doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2011.08.002
40. Agus Haryanto,  Sandun D Fernando,  S. D. Filip To, Philip H. Steele, Lester Pordesimo and Sushil Adhikari. 2011.  High Temperature Water Gas Shift Reaction over Nickel Catalysts for Hydrogen Production: Effect of Supports, GHSV, Metal Loading, and Dopant Materials. Journal of Thermodynamics and Catalysis. 2:1.
39. Gunawardena, D. A. and S. Fernando. 2011. Deoxygenation of methanol over ZSM-5 in a high pressure catalytic pyroprobe. Chemical Engineering and Technology. 34 (2). 173–178.

2010
38. Nawaratna*, G., Fernando, S., and S. Adhikari. 2010. Response of Titanium Isopropropoxide-based heterogeneous amphihpilic-polymer-catalysts for Transesterification. Energy and Fuels. 24 (8), 4123–4129. DOI:10.1021/ef100479q.
37. Nawaratna, G.*, Fernando, S., Lacey, R.E., and S. Adhikari. 2010. Reforming Glycerol under Electro-statically Charged Surface Conditions. Energy and Environmental Science. 2010, 3, 1593-1599. DOI: 10.1039/c0ee00047g. (Invited article).
36. Thangalazhy-Gopakumar, S., Adhikari, S., Ravindran, H., Gupta, R. B., Fasina, O., Tu, M., and S. Fernando. 2010. Physiochemical Properties of Bio-Oil Produced at Various Temperatures from Pine Wood using an Auger Reactor. Bioresource Technology. Bioresource Technology. 101(21). 8389-8395.

2009
35. Haryanto*, A., Fernando, S., To, S. D. F., Steele, P.H., Pordesimo, L., and S. Adhikari. 2009. Hydrogen Production through Water Gas Shift Reaction: Thermodynamic Equilibrium vs. Experimental Results over Supported Ni Catalysts. Energy and Fuels. DOI: 10.1021/ef801076r. 23, 3097-3102.
34. Singh*, A. and S. Fernando. 2009. Preparation and Reaction Kinetics Studies of Na-based Mixed Metal Oxide for Transesterification. Energy and Fuels. DOI:10.1021/ef9003895. 23. 5160-5164.
33. Haryanto* A., Pordesimo, L., Fernando S. and S. Adhikari. 2009. Upgrading of Syngas Derived from Biomass Gasification: A Thermodynamic Analysis. Biomass and Bioenergy. 33(5). 882-889.
32. Adhikari* S., Fernando, S. and A Haryanto*. 2009. Reactor Modeling of Hydrogen Production from Glycerol via Steam Reforming Process over Ni/CeO2 Catalysts. Chemical Engineering and Technology. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. 32, No. 4, 541-547.
31. Adhikari, S., Fernando, S. and A. Haryanto. 2009. Hydrogen Production from Glycerol: An Update. Energy Conversion and Management. 50 (2009) 2600-2604.
30. Jha* S., Fernando, S., Columbus, E. and H. Wilcutt. 2009. Effect of Ethanol and Biodiesel Fuel Blends on NOx Emissions Behavior in Three Compression Ignition Engines. Applied Eng. in Agriculture. 52(2): 375-381.
29. Liu*, S., Musuku*, S.R., Adhikari*, S., and S. Fernando. Adsorption of Glycerol from Biodiesel Washwaters. Environmental Technology. 30 (5). 505-510.

2008

28. Gunawardene*, A., Fernando, S. and F. To. 2008. Performance of a Yeast-mediated Biological Fuel Cell. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. Vol. 9. Issue 10. Pages 1893-1907.
27. Singh*, A., and S. Fernando. 2008. Transesterification of Soybean Oil Using Heterogeneous Catalysts. Energy & Fuels, 22(3), 2067-2069.
26. Jha*, S., Fernando, S. and F. To. 2008. Flame temperature analysis of biodiesel blends and components. Fuel (2008), 87(10-11),1982-1988.
25. Adhikari*, S., Fernando, S., and A. Haryanto*. 2008. Hydrogen production from glycerin by steam reforming over Nickel catalysts. Renewable Energy.33 (2008) 1097–1100.
24. Adhikari*, S., Fernando, S., To, F., Bricka, R., Steele, P., and A. Haryanto*. 2008. Conversion of Glycerol to Hydrogen via a Steam Reforming Process over Nickel Catalysts. Energy & Fuels, 22(2), 1220-1226.

2007
23. Singh*, A.K. and Fernando, S. 2007. Reaction Kinetics of Soybean Oil Transesterification Using Heterogeneous Metal Oxide Catalysts. Chemical Engineering and Technology. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. Volume 30, Issue 12, Date: December, 2007, Pages: 1716-1720.
22. Ye*, X., Fernando, S., Wilson, W., and A. Singh*. 2007. Application of Amphiphilic Catalysts, Ultrasonication, and Nanoemulsions for Biodiesel Production Process. Chemical Engineering and Technology. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. Volume 30, Issue 11 , Pages 1481 - 1487.
21. Adhikari*, S., Fernando, S., and A. Haryanto*. 2007. Thermodynamic and Experimental Analysis on Hydrogen Production by Steam Reforming of Glycerin. Energy and Fuels. 21(4); 2306-2310.
20. Adhikari*, S., Fernando, S., and A. Haryanto*. 2007. A thermodynamic analysis of hydrogen production by steam reforming of glycerol. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. (2007), 32(14), 2875-2880. http://dx.doi.org Digital Object Identifier: doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2007.03.023
19. Adhikari*, S., Fernando, S., Kota, K. and R. Bandi. 2007. Glycerol based automotive fuels from future biorefineries. Fuel. (2007), 86(17-18), 2806-2809. http://dx.doi.org/ Digital Object Identifier: doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2007.03.030.
18. Adhikari*, S., Fernando, S., and A. Haryanto*. 2007. Production of Hydrogen by Steam Reforming of Glycerin over Alumina Supported Metal Catalysts. Catalysis Today. Vol 129/3-4 pp 355-364.
17. Haryanto*. A, Fernando, S. and S. Adhikari*. 2007. Ultrahigh Temperature Water Gas Shift Catalysts to Increase Hydrogen Yield from Biomass Gasification. Catalysis Today. Vol 129/3-4 pp 269-274.
16. Fernando, S. and M. Hanna. 2007. Lubricity Characteristics of Selected Vegetable Oils, Animal Fats and Their Derivatives. Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 23(1): 5-11.
15. Adhikari*, S., Fernando, S., and A. Haryanto*.2007. Glycerin Steam Reforming for Hydrogen Production. Transactions of ASAE. 50 (2). 591-595.
14. Fernando, S., Karra*, P; Hernandez, R., and S.K. Jha*. 2007. Effect of incompletely converted soybean oil on biodiesel quality. Energy (Oxford, United Kingdom), 32(5), 844-851.
13. Singh*, A.K., Fernando, S.D., Hernandez, R. 2007. Base-Catalyzed Fast Transesterification of Soybean Oil Using Ultrasonication. Energy & Fuels, 21(2), 1161-1164.

2006
12. Fernando, S., Hall*, C., and S. Jha*. 2006. NOx Reduction from Biodiesel Fuels. Energy & Fuels (2006), 20(1), 376-382. This publication was among the 20 most accessed articles published by the journal in 2006; number 2, 4, 6th and 12th most accessed journal article in the 1st, 2nd , 3rd and 4th quarters of 2006 in the journal respectively and the 6th most accessed article during the year 2006.
11. Fernando, S., Adhikari*, S., Chandrapal*, C., and N. Murali*. 2006. Biorefineries: Current Status, Challenges, and Future Direction. Energy & Fuels, (2006), 20(4), 1727-1737. This publication was among the 20 most accessed articles published by the journal in 2006; number 1 and 16th  most accessed journal article in Renewable Category in the 3rd and 4th quarters of 2006 in the journal respectively and the 11th most accessed article during the year 2006. During the 1st quarter of 2007 it is still in the top 20 list being number 16
10. Adhikari*, S.; Fernando, S., and M. Novotny, M. 2006. Nanoparticles production from glycerin via electrospray and size measurement techniques. Transactions of the ASABE, 49(4), 1269-1272.
9. Adhikari*, S. and S. Fernando, 2006. Hydrogen Membrane Separation Techniques. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. (2006), 45(3), 875-881. This publication was among the top 20 most accessed articles published by the journal in 2006; 1st, 2nd and 4th most accessed journal article in Hydrogen Category  in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd quarters of 2006 respectively in the journal and the 6th most accessed article during the year 2006.

8. Haryanto*, A., Fernando, S., N. Murali*, and S. Adhikari*. 2005. Current Status of Hydrogen Production Techniques by Steam Reforming of Ethanol: A Review. Energy & Fuels (2005), 19(5), 2098-2106. This publication was among the top 20 most accessed articles published by the journal in 2005, 2006 and 2007; number 1 most accessed article in the 1st-3rd quarter of 2006 and 4th quarter of 2005 in the journal; the sixth most accessed article during the year 2005 and the fourth most accessed article in the year 2006. 

2005

7. Fernando, S.; Hanna, M. Phase behavior of the ethanol-biodiesel-diesel micro-emulsion system. Transactions of the ASAE (2005), 48(3), 903-908.
6. Fernando, S., Bhushan, S. and M. Naveen*. 2005. Agricultural Engineering Education in Developing Countries. Special Issue of International Journal of Engineering Education. Dublin Institute of Technology. Dublin, Ireland. 22 (1)
5. Fernando, S. and M. Hanna. 2005. Design and Development of a Threshing Chamber and Pneumatic Conveying and Cleaning Units for Soybean Harvesting. Transactions of ASAE. 48(5): 1681-168

2004 and Prior
4. Fernando, S. and M. Hanna. 2004. Soybean Threshing Mechanism Development and Testing. Transactions of ASAE. 47 (3): 599-605.
3. Fernando, S and M. Hanna. 2004. Development of a Novel Biofuel Blend Using Ethanol-Biodiesel- Diesel Microemulsions: EB-Diesel. Energy and Fuels. American Chemical Society. 18 (6): 1695-1703 NOV-DEC 2004.
2. Fernando, S. and M. Hanna. 2003. Oxidation Characteristics of Soybean Oils as Water Pump Lubricants. Transactions of ASAE. American Society of Agricultural Engineers. St. Joseph, MI. 45(6): 1715-1719.
1. Fernando, S. and M. Hanna. 2001. Comparison of Viscosity Characteristics of Soybean Oils with a Mineral Oil Two-stroke Engine Lubricant. Transactions of the ASAE. American Society of Agricultural Engineers. St. Joseph, MI. 44(6): 1403-1407.